Timorex Gold® black sigatoka

Effective against Black Sigatoka

Timorex Gold® Effective against Black Sigatoka

Black Sigatoka, known as black leaf streak, a disease caused by Mycosphaerella fijiensis Morelet, and considered the most destructive and costly disease in banana production, leads to the use of up to 70 synthetic fungicide sprays per year. Fortunately, today there are alternative, innovative and sustainable products to control a devastating disease that can destroy an entire plantation.

“There is a huge concern in various banana-producing countries, on the internet or the news, expressing fears that plaintain / banana is threatened with extinction.”

However, there  is a solution, which besides being natural, can control Black Sigatoka. Over the past 10 years, the Stockton Company, through various R & D studies, as well as field trials, has proven that the curative and preventive activity of the bio fungicide Timorex Gold® has shown outstanding efficacy in the control of this disease, through its multiple mechanisms, controlling Black Sigatoka with great efficiency even under the most intense disease pressure conditions.

Timorex Gold® is a contact bio fungicide based on the Melaleuca alternifoliaplant extract. Thanks to its multiple components, it controls a broad spectrum of fungal and bacterial diseases in various crops, including rice, banana, berries, coffee, cocoa, fruit, herbs, and vines, besides being an eco-friendly and residue-free product.

Timorex Gold® is a product widely used by banana growers to control Black Sigatoka (Mycosphaerella fijiensis) in several banana producing countries. Its use has spread for more than a decade in some of them. Currently, the product is registered in more than 30 countries, including the U.S.A, where it has been registered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and classified by FRAC in the F7 Group, Code 46, not being reported any  risk of inducing resistance, making it an excellent tool for managing resistance to the Black Sigatoka.

Timorex Gold® has the ability to inhibit lesions expansion of on foliage and fruit. Given its lipophilic properties, it is able to penetrate through the cuticle barrier to the mesophyll, enabling prevention or inhibition of fungal development in the tissue. Timorex Gold’s preventive and curative activity converts it into a bio fungicide with a new concept for an effective and sustainable control of various diseases over time.

 

Investment in research

The Stockton Company (STK) compass always points towards research and development. Its initial focus was to test the effectiveness of Timorex Gold® in controlling Black Sigatoka. Prof. Moshe Reuveni has received his doctorate in Plant Pathology from the Department of Life Sciences, Bar-Ilan University in Israel in 1982, and works very hard in the task of understanding the different mechanisms of the antifungal activity that the Melaleuca alternifolia extract exerts over Mycosphaerella fijiensis.

Professor Reuveni dedicated his life to investigating the activity of Melaleuca alternifolia extract and has done considerable research and written several articles on the subject. He also presented numerous lectures during various conferences on the “Unique Mode of Action of Timorex Gold®”, which explaining the exceptional curative activity in the control of Black Sigatoka in Bananas.

In 2011, the Stockton Company and Prof. Reuveni with a team of researchers from the University of Costa Rica and Gainesville in Florida, together with the Experimental Station of Monreri in Costa Rica, made a research study to understand the curative mode of action of Timorex Gold® on Black Sigatoka. Under high-resolution electron microscopy, sections of leaves infected with the Black Sigatoka disease were observed, revealing that Timorex Gold® disrupted the cellular membrane causing a breakdown of fungi cell walls, displaying high effectiveness in controlling Black Sigatoka.

sigatoka2From 2008 to 2009 in Belize, in a commercial area of 134 hectares, bananas were treated with the Timorex Gold® biofungicide, increasing the harvest of healthy leave production by 1 kg per cluster, with good control over Black Sigatoka.

sigatoka3

“There are no doubts that our bio fungicide Timorex Gold® is an effective tool in the fight against Black Sigatoka,” explained Guy Elitzur, Stockton´s President (STK). “I cannot imagine how costly the Black Sigatoka disease is for banana growers, and how it could reach hundreds of millions of dollars! This is a huge amount of money trying to control this devastating disease, and above all, the vast amount of chemical load that may affect the surrounding community and the workers.”

Timorex Gold® is an excellent tool for resistance management, and its use is widely adopted in traditional and organic agriculture. Timorex Gold® is an essential tool that may be included in a rotation program to prevent development of cross – resistance during the season.

By incorporating Timorex Gold® regularly in any disease management program, the bio fungicide is able to reduce the chemical load, and harmful residue levels in the plant. Timorex Gold® leaves no residue in soil, water, or in the air. It is harmless to beneficial insects and bees and is safe for human surroundings and the environment.  

 

 

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Combining the powers of biological agents and synthetic chemistries

As a leader in biopesticides innovation, STK Bio-ag Technologies (formerly Stockton) is pioneering a new generation of ‘hybrid pest control’ products that combine the powers of biological agents and synthetic chemistries, and which may present a new era in pest control. With recent partnership agreements with industry giants such as BASF, Syngenta and Seipasa, this seemed like a great time for Chemicals Knowledge to catch up with STK’s Chief Scientist, Professor Moshe Reuveni. STK seems to be in a great place right now! How have the values and mission of the company led you here? STK was founded and is headquartered in Israel, the ‘innovation nation’! Innovation and sustainable agriculture are in our DNA, and we are committed to the values of sustainable agriculture – from field to fork. This stems from our main mission to provide premium, highly effective products, with low chemical residues and novel and unique mechanisms of action (MOA). We also aim to provide additional yield benefits, and to ensure that our products are flexible and easy to apply, and chemically compatible with many other active ingredients. What are the main benefits of biopesticides? There are many advantages. Biopesticides come from nature – they may be plant extracts, like Timorex Gold, which effectively ruptures pathogen cells (Figure 1), or bacteriological, like Aviv, a powerful Bacillus subtilis requiring less than half the dosage of other biopesticides. In any case, biopesticides contain no synthetic chemicals. They are produced from renewable sources, and they leave minimal crop residue, making crops treated with biopesticides much more competitive in domestic and international markets. Regulators, consumers and retail supermarkets all want to reduce the chemical residue on their produce. The selectivity of biopesticides, which target only their natural enemies, also helps to maintain beneficial insect and mite populations, ensure worker safety and promote environmental safety. Today’s biopesticides are as effective – or even more effective – than synthetic chemical pesticides, in terms of crop protection and increasing yields. Furthermore, biopesticides are an important weapon in managing pesticide resistance. They can help reduce the selection pressure for the evolution of resistance to synthetic pesticides, and the risk of pests and pathogens developing resistance to biopesticides is low, especially as these agents often have multiple modes of action. Switzerland recently announced that it is considering a total ban of synthetic pesticides – do you think it is feasible to have a world free of synthetics? The world’s population is expected to grow from the current 7 billion people to 9 billion people by 2050. In order to feed all of these people and avoid mass starvation, mankind will need to double crop yields globally. This is a tall order, and to achieve this, growers will need effective tools for combating diseases – we think this will need to include biopesticides and synthetic chemical pesticides; or hybrid technologies that combine the two. The use of biopesticides is forecast to grow by 15% to 20% annually for the foreseeable future, while synthetic chemical use is predicted to grow at a slower annual rate of 3%. If those growth rates are maintained, eventually we will be in a situation where more biopesticides than synthetic pesticides are being used. We think this will be a good situation to be in, for the many reasons discussed above, but we still see a continued need for good synthetic pesticides. Can you tell us more about ‘hybrid’ technologies and how they expect to encourage uptake of biological agents? STK has introduced the world’s first ‘hybrid’ pesticide, Regev – the ‘pre-mix’ of a synthetic pesticide with a botanical-based biopesticide. Specifically, it combined a Tea Tree botanical extract and difenoconazole in an easy-to-use formulation. The combination of a natural product with broad-spectrum activity and a traditional site-specific synthetic provides growers with the different modes of action of a botanical-based active ingredient and an effective chemical pesticide. The hybrid combination results in a reduced synthetic chemical load on the environment, compared with other traditional mixtures based on two synthetic chemicals. Regev is an effective and unique tool for resistance management, and it is clearly suitable for Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs. This product is also a bridge for growers who have never previously tried a biopesticide. These growers can use Regev in exactly the same way as their current chemical pesticide: no mixing, no rotating, easy-to-use… and with the benefits of lowering chemical residues, improved resistance management and yield growth. Regev will accelerate the uptake of biological products by making it easy. Historically, biopesticides have been used largely on high-value crops, such as fruits and vegetables, but hybrids like Regev are not only being used on fruits and vegetables, but have proven to be a cost-effective approach for row crops like soy beans, and field and broad acre crops like corn. Regev is already being used in 10 countries throughout Latin America, Israel, Serbia and the Philippines. Plans for 2019 call for the global rollout of REGEV. How are you working with global majors to encourage global distribution of these technologies? To accelerate the distribution of STK’s biological technologies for sustainable agriculture, we have entered into partnerships with various companies . In Brazil, Timorex Gold botanical-based biofungicide is co-distributed by both STK and BASF, which is proving to be very effective in this very large country. In the US, Aviv, our low-dose Bacillus subtilis biofungicide, is distributed by Syngenta. Not all of our distributors are the global majors, and STK is always open to partnerships with companies large, medium and small. What’s next for STK? Beyond the continuing geographic distribution of Timorex Gold, Regev and Aviv, STK has a powerful pipeline of new biological products to provide new tools to help growers reach the goal of doubling their yields by 2050. This pipeline includes new biopesticides based either on powerful natural plant molecules or plant extracts to be used as bio-fungicides or bio-insecticides. In addition, new hybrids combining natural active ingredients and reliable synthetic active chemicals, to be used on wide range of crops and pathogens, are under development. Interview with: Professor Moshe Reuveni, Chief Scientist at STK bio-ag technologies, Ha’Mefalsim St 17, POB 3517, Petach Tikva 4951447, Israel

STK Welcomes French Wine Growers to Israel for Sustainable Solutions

December 31,  2018  (Petach Tikvah, Israel) – STK bio-ag technologies, the innovative Israel – based leader in bio-ag technology for sustainable crop protection and aquaculture, hosted a group of 13 top wine growers and crop protection experts from France who are learning about botanical-based and  hybrid technologies for sustainable grape growing for the creation of high quality French wines, champagnes and cognacs. Effective September 1, 2018 all Neonicontinoid pesticides have been banned from use in France, because they are believed to be killing the bee population. New French law also makes it illegal to use any chemical pesticide in any park or public place after 2020, punishable by a 30,000 Euro fine and 6 months in jail.  According to the Telegraph (Henry Samuel, August 31, 2018, Paris), France is the first country in Europe to ban all five pesticides researchers believe are killing off the insects. Consequently, wine growers in France are in search of new tools for sustainable crop protection. STK VP R&D and business development Shay Shanan commented, “STK is happy to have welcomed these top French wine growers and crop protection experts.  STK’s botanical-based biopesticides and hybrid products are currently providing sustainable solutions for growers in over 30 countries, and there is no doubt these technologies can help growers in France to comply with the new regulatory environment and continue to provide their customers with the highest quality wines,  with less  chemical residues. For new users of biological products, Timorex Gold and REGEV are highly recommended, especially for wine grapes, for the control of Botrytis and Powdery Mildew.  REGEV is  a new hybrid product with a very easy approach, applied in exactly the same way as the growers’ current chemical pesticides, with no mixing, resulting in much lower residue levels and much better resistance management .”